GCSE Latin: A401 Foundation vocabulary


• this document has been created verbatim from the OCR online materials for Latin

• the list comprises 200 words

• links to online flashcards etc. can be found here

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a ab +ablative (also used as prefix with verbs)

from; away from; by (preposition)

ac atque (indeclinable)

and (conjunction)

ad +accusative (also used as prefix with verbs)

to; towards; at (preposition)

advenio advenire adveni

arrive (verb 4)

aedifico aedificare aedificavi aedificatus

build (verb 1)

ago agere egi actus

do; act; drive (verb 3)

ambulo ambulare ambulavi

walk (verb 1)

amicus amici m

friend (noun 2)

amo amare amavi amatus

love; like (verb 1)

amor amoris m

love (noun 3)

ancilla ancillae f

slave-girl; slave-woman (noun 1)

animus animi m

spirit; soul; mind (noun 2)

annus anni m

year (noun 2)

aqua aquae f

water (noun 1)

ascendo ascendere ascendi ascensus

climb (verb 3)

audio audire audivi auditus

hear; listen to (verb 4)

bene (indeclinable)

well (adverb)

bonus bona bonum

good (adjective)

canis canis m and f

dog (noun 3)

capio capere cepi captus

take; catch; capture (verb 3)

celer celeris celere

quick; fast (adjective)

cena cenae f

dinner; meal (noun 1)

cibus cibi m

food (noun 2)

civis civis m and f

citizen (noun 3)

clamo clamare clamavi clamatus

shout (verb 1)

clamor clamoris m

shout; shouting; noise (noun 3)

constituo constituere constitui constitutus

decide (verb 3)

consumo consumere consumpsi consumptus

eat (verb 3)

cum +ablative

with (preposition)

cum (indeclinable)

when; since (conjunction)

cur? (indeclinable)

why? (adverb)

curro currere cucurri cursus

run (verb 3)

de +ablative

from; down from; about (preposition)

dea deae f

goddess (noun 1)

descendo descendere descendi descensus

go down; come down (verb 3 )

deus dei m

god (noun 2)

dico dicere dixi dictus

say (verb 3)

do dare dedi datus

give (verb 1)

doceo docere docui doctus

teach (verb 2)

domina dominae f

mistress (noun 1)

dominus domini m

master (noun 2)

dormio dormire dormivi

sleep (verb 4)

duco ducere duxi ductus

lead; take (verb 3)

e ex +ablative (also used as prefix with verbs)

from; out of; out (preposition)

ecce! (indeclinable)

look! (adverb)

ego mei

I; me (pronoun)

eo ire i(v)i

go (verb irregular)

epistula epistulae f

letter (noun 1)

et (indeclinable)

and (conjunction)

exspecto exspectare exspectavi exspectatus

wait for (verb 1)

facio facere feci factus

make; do (verb 3)

femina feminae f

woman (noun 1)

fero ferre tuli latus

bring; carry; bear (verb irregular)

ferox ferocis

fierce; ferocious (adjective)

filia filiae f

daughter (noun 1)

filius filii m

son (noun 2)

fortis forte

brave (adjective)

forum fori n

forum; market place (noun 2)

fugio fugere fugi

run away; flee (verb 3)

habeo habere habui habitus

have (verb 2)

habito habitare habitavi habitatus

live (verb 1)

hic haec hoc

this; he; she; it (pronoun)

hodie (indeclinable)

today (adverb)

homo hominis m

man; human being (noun 3)

hora horae f

hour (noun 1)

hortus horti m

garden (noun 2)

iam (indeclinable)

now; already (adverb)

ianua ianuae f

door (noun 1)

ibi (indeclinable)

there (adverb)

ille illa illud

that; he; she; it (pronoun)

in +ablative (also used as prefix with verbs)

in; on (preposition)

in +accusative (also used as prefix with verbs)

into; onto (preposition)

ingens ingentis

huge (adjective)


he/she says; he/she said (verb irregular)

intro intrare intravi intratus

enter (verb 1)

invito invitare invitavi invitatus

invite (verb 1)

iratus irata iratum

angry (adjective)

is ea id

this; that; he; she; it; them (pronoun)

itaque (indeclinable)

and so; therefore (adverb)

iubeo iubere iussi iussus

order (verb 2)

iuvenis iuvenis m

young man (noun 3)

laboro laborare laboravi

work (verb 1)

laetus laeta laetum

happy (adjective)

laudo laudare laudavi laudatus

praise (verb 1)

liber libri m

book (noun 2)

libertus liberti m

freedman; ex-slave (noun 2)

longus longa longum

long (adjective)

magnus magna magnum

big; large; great (adjective)

maneo manere mansi

remain; stay (verb 2)

mater matris f

mother (noun 3)

medius media medium

middle (adjective)

mercator mercatoris m

merchant (noun 3)

meus mea meum

my (pronoun)

miles militis m

soldier (noun 3)

minime (indeclinable)

very little; least; no (adverb)

mitto mittere misi missus

send (verb 3)

mors mortis f

death (noun 3)

mox (indeclinable)

soon (adverb)

multus multa multum

much; many (adjective)

nam (indeclinable)

for (conjunction)

narro narrare narravi narratus

tell; relate (verb 1)

navis navis f

ship (noun 3)

-ne (indeclinable)

(introduces question) (particle)

nec neque (indeclinable)

and not; nor; neither (conjunction)

neco necare necavi necatus

kill (verb 1)

nihil (indeclinable)

nothing (noun irregular)

nolo nolle nolui

not want; refuse (verb irregular)

nomen nominis n

name (noun 3)

non (indeclinable)

not (adverb)

nos nostrum

we; us (pronoun)

nox noctis f

night (noun 3)

nunc (indeclinable)

now (adverb)

nuntio nuntiare nuntiavi nuntiatus

announce (verb 1)

nuntius nuntii m

messenger; message; news (noun 2)

olim (indeclinable)

once; some time ago (adverb)

omnis omne

all; every (adjective)

paene (indeclinable)

almost; nearly (adverb)

paro parare paravi paratus

prepare (verb 1)

parvus parva parvum

small (adjective)

pater patris m

father (noun 3)

pauci paucae pauca

few; a few (adjective plural)

pecunia pecuniae f

money (noun 1)

per +accusative

through; along (preposition)

perterritus perterrita perterritum

terrified (adjective)

porta portae f

gate (noun 1)

porto portare portavi portatus

carry (verb 1)

possum posse potui

can; be able (verb irregular)

post +accusative

after; behind (preposition)

primus prima primum

first (adjective)

prope +accusative

near (preposition)

puella puellae f

girl (noun 1)

puer pueri m

boy (noun 2)

pugno pugnare pugnavi

fight (verb 1)

pulcher pulchra pulchrum

beautiful; handsome (adjective)

quam (indeclinable)

than (adverb)

quamquam (indeclinable)

although (conjunction)

qui quae quod

who; which (pronoun)

quis? quid?

who? what? (pronoun)

quod (indeclinable)

because (conjunction)

quoque (indeclinable)

also; too (conjunction)

re- (prefix used with verbs)

- back (prefix)

respondeo respondere respondi responsus

reply (verb 2)

rex regis m

king (noun 3)

rideo ridere risi

laugh; smile (verb 2)

rogo rogare rogavi rogatus

ask; ask for (verb 1)

Roma Romae f (Romae: at/in Rome)

Rome (noun 1)

Romanus Romana Romanum

Roman (adjective)

saepe (indeclinable)

often (adverb)

saluto salutare salutavi salutatus

greet (verb 1)

salve! salvete! (plural)

hello! (verb imperative)

scio scire scivi scitus

know (verb 4)

scribo scribere scripsi scriptus

write (verb 3)

se sui

himself; herself; itself; themselves (pronoun)

sed (indeclinable)

but (conjunction)

sedeo sedere sedi

sit (verb 2)

semper (indeclinable)

always (adverb)

senex senis m

old man (noun 3)

servo servare servavi servatus

save; protect; keep (verb 1)

servus servi m

slave (noun 2)

si (indeclinable)

if (conjunction)

silva silvae f

wood (noun 1)

solus sola solum

alone; lonely; only; on one's own (adjective)

specto spectare spectavi spectatus

look at; watch (verb 1)

statim (indeclinable)

at once; immediately (adverb)

sto stare steti

stand (verb 1)

stultus stulta stultum

stupid; foolish (adjective)

subito (indeclinable)

suddenly (adverb)

sub +accusative/ablative

under; beneath (preposition)

sum esse fui

be (verb irregular)

suus sua suum

his; her; its; their (own) (pronoun)

taberna tabernae f

shop; inn (noun 1)

tam (indeclinable)

so (adverb)

tamen (indeclinable)

however (adverb)

tandem (indeclinable)

at last; finally (adverb)

tantus tanta tantum

so great; such a great (adjective)

templum templi n

temple (noun 2)

teneo tenere tenui tentus

hold (verb 2)

terra terrae f

ground; land; country (noun 1)

terreo terrere terrui territus

frighten (verb 2)

timeo timere timui

fear; be afraid (verb 2)

totus tota totum

whole (adjective)

traho trahere traxi tractus

drag (verb 3)

tristis triste

sad (adjective)

tu tui

you (singular) (pronoun)

tum (indeclinable)

then (adverb)

tuus tua tuum

your (singular); yours (pronoun)

ubi (indeclinable)

where? where; when (adverb)

urbs urbis f

city; town (noun 3)

ut (indeclinable) +subjunctive

that; so that; in order that (conjunction)

vale! valete! (plural)

goodbye; farewell! (verb imperative)

venio venire veni

come (verb 4)

via viae f

street; road; way (noun 1)

video videre vidi visus

see (verb 2)

villa villae f

house; country villa (noun 1)

vinum vini n

wine (noun 2)

vir viri m

man (noun 2)

voco vocare vocavi vocatus

call (verb 1)

volo velle volui

want (verb irregular)

vos vestrum

you (plural) (pronoun)

vox vocis f

voice; shout (noun 3)