GCSE Latin: A402 Higher vocabulary


• this document has been created verbatim from the OCR online materials for Latin

• the list comprises 475 words

• links to online flashcards etc. can be found here

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a; ab + ablative (also used as prefix with verbs)

from; away from; by (preposition)

absum abesse afui

am absent; am away; am distant from (verb irregular)

ac; atque (indeclinable)

and (conjunction)

accido accidere accidi

happen (verb 3)

accipio accipere accepi acceptus

accept; take in; receive (verb 3)

ad + accusative (also used as prefix with verbs)

to; towards; at (preposition)

adeo (indeclinable)

so much; so greatly (adverb)

adsum adesse adfui

be here; be present (verb

advenio advenire adveni

arrive (verb 4)

aedifico aedificare aedificavi aedificatus

build (verb 1)

ager agri m

field (noun 2)

ago agere egi actus

do; act; drive (verb 3)

alii … alii

some … others

alius alia aliud

other; another; else (pronoun/adjective)

alter altera alterum

the other; another; the second of two (pronoun/adjective)

altus alta altum

high; deep (adjective)

ambulo ambulare ambulavi

walk (verb 1)

amicus amici m

friend (noun 2)

amo amare amavi amatus

love; like (verb 1)

amor amoris m

love (noun 3)

ancilla ancillae f

slave-girl; slave-woman (noun 1)

animus animi m

spirit; soul; mind (noun 2)

annus anni m

year (noun 2)

ante + accusative

before; in front of (preposition)


before (adverb)

appareo apparere apparui

appear (verb 2)

appropinquo appropinquare appropinquavi + dative

approach; come near to (verb 1)

apud + accusative

among; with; at the house of (preposition)

aqua aquae f

water (noun 1)

arma armorum n plural

arms; weapons (noun 2 plural)

ars artis f

art; skill (noun 3)

ascendo ascendere ascendi ascensus

climb (verb 3)

audax audacis

bold; daring (adjective)

audeo audere ausus sum

dare (verb 2)

audio audire audivi auditus

hear; listen to (verb 4)

aufero auferre abstuli ablatus

take away; carry off; steal (verb irregular)

autem (indeclinable)

but; however (conjunction)

auxilium auxilii n

help (noun 2)

bellum belli n

war (noun 2)

bellum gero gerere gessi gestus

wage war (verb 3)

bene (indeclinable)

well (adverb)

benignus benigna benignum

kind (adjective)

bibo bibere bibi

drink (verb 3)

bonus bona bonum

good (adjective)

brevis breve

short; brief (adjective)

cado cadere cecidi casus

fall (verb 3)

caelum caeli n

sky; heaven (noun 2)

canis canis m and f

dog (noun 3)

capio capere cepi captus

take; catch; capture (verb 3)

captivus captivi m

captive; prisoner (noun 2)

caput capitis n

head (noun 3)

castra castrorum n plural

camp (noun 2)

celer celeris celere

quick; fast (adjective)

celo celare celavi celatus

hide (verb 1)

cena cenae f

inner; meal (noun 1)

ceteri ceterae cetera

the rest; the others (adjective)

cibus cibi m

food (noun 2)

circum + accusative

around (preposition)

civis civis m and f

citizen (noun 3)

clamo clamare clamavi clamatus

shout (verb 1)

clamor clamoris m

shout; shouting; noise (noun 3)

clarus clara clarum

famous; clear (adjective)

coepi coepisse

begin (verb irregular)

cogito cogitare cogitavi cogitatus

think; consider (verb 1)

cognosco cognoscere cognovi cognitus

get to know; find out (verb 3)

cogo cogere coegi coactus

force; compel (verb 3)

comes comitis m and f

comrade; companion (noun 3)

conficio conficere confeci confectus

finish; wear out (verb 3)

conor conari conatus sum

try (verb 1 deponent)

consilium consilii n

plan; idea; advice (noun 2)

conspicio conspicere conspexi conspectus

catch sight of; notice (verb 3)

constituo constituere constitui constitutus

decide (verb 3)

consul consulis m

consul (noun 3)

consumo consumere consumpsi consumptus

eat (verb 3)

contra + accusative

against (preposition)

convenio convenire conveni

come together; gather; meet (verb 4)

copiae copiarum f plural

forces; troops (noun 1 plural)

corpus corporis n

body (noun 3)

cras (indeclinable)

tomorrow (adverb)

credo credere credidi creditus + dative

believe; trust (verb 3)

crudelis crudele

cruel (adjective)

cum + ablative

with (preposition)

cum (indeclinable)

when; since (conjunction)

cupio cupere cupivi cupitus

want; desire (verb 3)

cur? (indeclinable)

why? (adverb)

cura curae f

care; worry (noun 1)

curro currere cucurri cursus

run (verb 3)

custodio custodire custodivi custoditus

guard (verb 4)

custos custodis m and f

guard (noun 3)

de + ablative

from; down from; about (preposition)

dea deae f

goddess (noun 1)

debeo debere debui debitus

owe; ought; should; must (verb 2)

defendo defendere defendi defensus

defend (verb 3)

deinde (indeclinable)

then (adverb)

deleo delere delevi deletus

destroy (verb 2)

descendo descendere descendi descensus

go down; come down (verb 3)

deus dei m

god (noun 2)

dico dicere dixi dictus

say (verb 3)

dies diei m

day (noun 5)

difficilis difficile

difficult (adjective)

diligens diligentis

careful (adjective)

dirus dira dirum

dreadful (adjective)

discedo discedere discessi

depart; leave (verb 3)

diu (indeclinable)

for a long time (adverb)

do dare dedi datus

give (verb 1)

doceo docere docui doctus

teach (verb 2)

domina dominae f

mistress (noun 1)

dominus domini m

master (noun 2)

domus domus f (domi = at home)

home (noun 4)

donum doni n

gift; present (noun 2)

dormio dormire dormivi

sleep (verb 4)

duco ducere duxi ductus

lead; take (verb 3)

dum (indeclinable)

while; until (conjunction)

dux ducis m

leader (noun 3)

e; ex + ablative (also used as prefix with verbs)

from; out of; out (preposition)

ecce! (indeclinable)

look! (adverb)

effugio effugere effugi

escape (verb 3)

ego mei

I; me (pronoun)

egredior egredi egressus sum

go out (verb 3 deponent)

emo emere emi emptus

buy (verb 3)

enim (indeclinable)

for (conjunction)

eo ire i(v)i

go (verb irregular)

epistula epistulae f

letter (noun 1)

equus equi m

horse (noun 2)

et (indeclinable)

and (conjunction)

et ... et

both ... and

etiam (indeclinable)

also; even (adverb)

exercitus exercitus m

army (noun 4)

exspecto exspectare exspectavi exspectatus

wait for (verb 1)

facilis facile

easy (adjective)

facio facere feci factus

make; do (verb 3)

faveo favere favi fautus + dative

favour; support (verb 2)

felix felicis

fortunate; happy (adjective)

femina feminae f

woman (noun 1)

fero ferre tuli latus

bring; carry; bear (verb irregular)

ferox ferocis

fierce; ferocious (adjective)

festino festinare festinavi

hurry (verb 1)

fidelis fidele

faithful; loyal (adjective)

filia filiae f

daughter (noun 1)

filius filii m

son (noun 2)

flumen fluminis n

river (noun 3)

forte (indeclinable)

by chance (adverb)

fortis forte

brave (adjective)

forum fori n

forum; market place (noun 2)

frater fratris m

brother (noun 3)

frustra (indeclinable)

in vain (adverb)

fugio fugere fugi

run away; flee (verb 3)

gaudeo gaudere gavisus sum

be pleased; rejoice (verb 2)

gaudium gaudii n

joy; pleasure (noun 2)

gens gentis f

family; tribe; race; people (noun 3)

gladius gladii m

sword (noun 2)

gravis grave

heavy; serious (adjective)

habeo habere habui habitus

have (verb 2)

habito habitare habitavi habitatus

live (verb 1)

heri (indeclinable)

yesterday (adverb)

hic haec hoc

this; he; she; it (pronoun)

hic (indeclinable)

here (adverb)

hodie (indeclinable)

today (adverb)

homo hominis m

man; human being (noun 3)

hora horae f

hour (noun 1)

hortor hortari hortatus sum

encourage; urge (verb 1 deponent)

hortus horti m

garden (noun 2)

hostis hostis m

enemy (noun 3)

iaceo iacere iacui

lie (verb 2)

iacio iacere ieci iactus (in compounds -icio)

throw (verb 3)

iam (indeclinable)

now; already (adverb)

ianua ianuae f

door (noun 1)

ibi (indeclinable)

there (adverb)

idem eadem idem

the same (pronoun)

igitur (indeclinable)

therefore; and so (adverb)

ille illa illud

that; he; she; it (pronoun)

imperator imperatoris m

emperor; general; leader (noun 3)

imperium imperii n

empire; power; command (noun 2)

impero imperare imperavi imperatus + dative

order; command; power (verb 1)

in + ablative (also used as prefix with verbs)

in; on (preposition)

in + accusative (also used as prefix with verbs)

into; onto (preposition)

incendo incendere incendi incensus

burn; set on fire (verb 3)

infelix infelicis

unlucky; unhappy (adjective)

ingens ingentis

huge (adjective)

ingredior ingredi ingressus sum

enter (verb 3 deponent)

inimicus inimici m

enemy (noun 2)


he/she says; he/she said (verb irregular)

insula insulae f

island; block of flats (noun 1)

intellego intellegere intellexi intellectus

understand; realise (verb 3)

inter + accusative

among; between (preposition)

interea (indeclinable)

meanwhile (adverb)

interficio interficere interfeci interfectus

kill (verb 3)

intro intrare intravi intratus

enter (verb 1)

invenio invenire inveni inventus

find (verb 4)

invito invitare invitavi invitatus

invite (verb 1)

ipse ipsa ipsum

himself; herself; itself; themselves (pronoun)

ira irae f

anger (noun 1)

iratus irata iratum

angry (adjective)

is ea id

this; that; he; she; it; them (pronoun)

ita (indeclinable)

in this way; to such an extent; so (adverb)

itaque (indeclinable)

and so; therefore (adverb)

iter itineris n

journey (noun 3)

iterum (indeclinable)

again (adverb)

iubeo iubere iussi iussus

order (verb 2)

iuvenis iuvenis m

young man (noun 3)

labor laboris m

work (noun 3)

laboro laborare laboravi

work (verb 1)

lacrimo lacrimare lacrimavi

weep; cry (verb 1)

laetus laeta laetum

happy (adjective)

laudo laudare laudavi laudatus

raise (verb 1)

legio legionis f

legion (noun 3)

lego legere legi lectus

read; choose (verb 3)

lentus lenta lentum

slow (adjective)

leo leonis m

lion (noun 3)

libenter (indeclinable)

willingly; gladly (adverb)

liber libri m

book (noun 2)

liberi liberorum m plural

children (noun 2)

libero liberare liberavi liberatus

set free (verb 1)

libertus liberti m

freedman; ex-slave (noun 2)

locus loci m

place (noun 2)

longus longa longum

long (adjective)

loquor loqui locutus sum

speak (verb 3 deponent)

lux lucis f

light; daylight (noun 3)

magis (indeclinable)

more (adverb)

magnopere (indeclinable)

greatly (adverb)

magnus magna magnum

big; large; great (adjective)

malo malle malui

prefer (verb irregular)

malus mala malum

evil; bad (adjective)

maneo manere mansi

remain; stay (verb 2)

manus manus f

hand; group of people (noun 4)

mare maris n

sea (noun 3)

maritus mariti m

husband (noun 2)

mater matris f

mother (noun 3)

maxime (indeclinable)

very greatly (adverb)

medius media medium

middle (adjective)

mercator mercatoris m

merchant (noun 3)

meus mea meum

my (pronoun)

miles militis m

soldier (noun 3)

minime (indeclinable)

very little; least; no (adverb)

miror mirari miratus sum

wonder at; admire (verb 1 deponent)

miser misera miserum

miserable; wretched; sad (adjective)

mitto mittere misi missus

send (verb 3)

modus modi m

manner; way; kind (noun 2)

moneo monere monui monitus

warn; advise (verb 2)

mons montis m

mountain (noun 3)

morior mori mortuus sum

die (verb 3 deponent)

mors mortis f

death (noun 3)

moveo movere movi motus

move (verb 2)

mox (indeclinable)

soon (adverb)

multo (indeclinable)

much (adverb)

multus multa multum

much; many (adjective)

murus muri m

wall (noun 2)

nam (indeclinable)

for (conjunction)

narro narrare narravi narratus

tell; relate (verb 1)

nauta nautae m

sailor (noun 1)

navigo navigare navigavi

sail (verb 1)

navis navis f

ship (noun 3)

ne (indeclinable) + subjunctive

that ... not; so that ... not; that; lest (conjunction)


(introduces question) (particle)

nec; neque (indeclinable)

and not; nor; neither (conjunction)

neco necare necavi necatus

kill (verb 1)

nemo neminis

no one; nobody (noun irregular)

nescio nescire nescivi

not know (verb 4)

nihil (indeclinable)

nothing (noun irregular)

nisi (indeclinable)

unless; except (conjunction)

nolo nolle nolui

not want; refuse (verb irregular)

nomen nominis n

name (noun 3)

non (indeclinable)

not (adverb)

nonne …? (indeclinable)

surely ... ? (adverb)

nonnulli nonnullae nonnulla

some; several (adjective)

nos nostrum

we; us (pronoun)

noster nostra nostrum

our (pronoun)

novus nova novum

new (adjective)

nox noctis f

night (noun 3)

nullus nulla nullum

not any; no (adjective)

num (indeclinable)

whether (particle)

num ... ? (indeclinable)

surely … not? (particle)

numquam (indeclinable)

never (adverb)

nunc (indeclinable)

now (adverb)

nuntio nuntiare nuntiavi nuntiatus

announce (verb 1)

nuntius nuntii m

messenger; message; news (noun 2)

occido occidere occidi occisus

kill (verb 3)

offero offerre obtuli oblatus

offer (verb irregular)

olim (indeclinable)

once; some time ago (adverb)

omnis omne

all; every (adjective)

opprimo opprimere oppressi oppressus

crush; overwhelm (verb 3)

oppugno oppugnare oppugnavi oppugnatus

attack (verb 1)

oro orare oravi oratus

beg (verb 1)

ostendo ostendere ostendi ostentus

show (verb 3)

paene (indeclinable)

almost; nearly (adverb)

paro parare paravi paratus

prepare (verb 1)

pars partis f

part (noun 3)

parvus parva parvum

small (adjective)

pater patris m

father (noun 3)

patior pati passus sum

suffer; endure (verb 3 deponent)

patria patriae f

country; homeland (noun 1)

pauci paucae pauca

few; a few (adjective plural)

pax pacis f

peace (noun 3)

pecunia pecuniae f

money (noun 1)

pello pellere pepuli pulsus

drive (verb 3)

per + accusative

through; along (preposition)

pereo perire perii

die; perish (verb irregular)

periculum periculi n

danger (noun 2)

persuadeo persuadere persuasi + dative

persuade (verb 2)

perterritus perterrita perterritum

terrified (adjective)

pervenio pervenire perveni perventus

reach; arrive at (verb 4)

pes pedis m

foot (noun 3)

peto petere petivi petitus

make for; seek; beg/ask for (verb 3)

plenus plena plenum

full (adjective)

poena poenae f

punishment (noun 1)

poenas do

pay the penalty; am punished

pono ponere posui positus

put; place; put up (verb 3)

porta portae f

gate (noun 1)

porto portare portavi portatus

carry (verb 1)

portus portus m

harbour; port (noun 4)

possum posse potui

can; be able (verb irregular)

post + accusative

after; behind (preposition)

postea (indeclinable)

afterwards (adverb)

postquam (indeclinable)

after; when (conjunction)

postridie (indeclinable)

on the next day (adverb)

praemium praemii n

prize; reward; profit (noun 2)

precor precari precatus sum

pray (to); beg (verb 1 deponent)

primo (indeclinable)

at first (adverb)

primus prima primum

first (adjective)

princeps principis m

chief; emperor (noun 3)

pro + ablative

in front of; for; in return for (preposition)

procedo procedere processi

advance; proceed (verb 3)

proelium proelii n

battle (noun 2)

proficiscor proficisci profectus sum

set out (verb 3 deponent)

progredior progredi progressus sum

advance (verb 3 deponent)

promitto promittere promisi promissus

promise (verb 3)

prope+ accusative

near (preposition)

propter + accusative

on account of; because of (preposition)

proximus proxima proximum

nearest; next to (adjective)

puella puellae f

girl (noun 1)

puer pueri m

boy (noun 2)

pugno pugnare pugnavi

fight (verb 1)

pulcher pulchra pulchrum

beautiful; handsome (adjective)

punio punire punivi punitus

punish (verb 4)

puto putare putavi putatus

think (verb 1)

quaero quaerere quaesivi quaesitus

search for; look for; ask (verb 3)

qualis? quale

what sort of? (adjective)

quam + superlative adverb

as … as possible

quam (indeclinable)

than (adverb)

quam? quam! (indeclinable)

how … ? how … ! (adverb)

quamquam (indeclinable)

although (conjunction)

quando? (indeclinable)

when? (adverb)

quantus? quanta? quantum?

how big? how much? (adjective)


and (conjunction)

qui quae quod

who; which (pronoun)

quidam quaedam quoddam

one; a certain; some (pronoun)

quis? quid?

who? what? (pronoun)

quo? (indeclinable)

to where? (adverb)

quod (indeclinable)

because (conjunction)

quomodo? (indeclinable)

how? (adverb)

quoque (indeclinable)

also; too (conjunction)

quot? (indeclinable)

how many? (adjective)

rapio rapere rapui raptus

seize; grab (verb 3)

re- (prefix used with verbs)

- back (prefix)

reddo reddere reddidi redditus

give back; restore (verb 3)

redeo redire redii

go back; come back; return (verb irregular)

refero referre rettuli relatus

bring/carry back; report; tell (verb irregular)

regina reginae f

queen (noun 1)

regnum regni n

kingdom (noun 2)

rego regere rexi rectus

rule (verb 3)

regredior regredi regressus sum

go back; return (verb 3 deponent)

relinquo relinquere reliqui relictus

leave; leave behind (verb 3)

res rei f

thing; matter; event (noun 5)

resisto resistere restiti + dative

resist (verb 3)

respondeo respondere respondi responsus

reply (verb 2)

rex regis m

king (noun 3)

rideo ridere risi

laugh; smile (verb 2)

rogo rogare rogavi rogatus

ask; ask for (verb 1)

Roma Romae f (Romae: at/in Rome)

Rome (noun 1)

Romanus Romana Romanum

Roman (adjective)

rumpo rumpere rupi ruptus

break; burst (verb 3)

sacer sacra sacrum

sacred (adjective)

saepe (indeclinable)

often (adverb)

saevus saeva saevum

savage; cruel (adjective)

saluto salutare salutavi salutatus

greet (verb 1)

salve! salvete! (plural)

hello! (verb imperative)

sanguis sanguinis m

blood (noun 3)

sapiens sapientis

wise (adjective)

satis (indeclinable)

enough (adjective/adverb)

scelestus scelesta scelestum

wicked (adjective)

scelus sceleris n

crime (noun 3)

scio scire scivi scitus

know (verb 4)

scribo scribere scripsi scriptus

write (verb 3)

se sui

himself; herself; itself; themselves (pronoun)

sed (indeclinable)

but (conjunction)

sedeo sedere sedi

sit (verb 2)

semper (indeclinable)

always (adverb)

senator senatoris m

senator (noun 3)

senex senis m

old man (noun 3)

sentio sentire sensi sensus

feel; notice (verb 4)

sequor sequi secutus sum

follow (verb 3 deponent)

servo servare servavi servatus

save; protect; keep (verb 1)

servus servi m

slave (noun 2)

si (indeclinable)

if (conjunction)

sic (indeclinable)

thus; in this way (adverb)

signum signi n

sign; signal; standard (noun 2)

silva silvae f

wood (noun 1)

simul (indeclinable)

at the same time (adverb)

simulac; simulatque (indeclinable)

as soon as (conjunction)

sine + ablative

without (preposition)

soleo solere solitus sum

be accustomed (verb 2)

solus sola solum

alone; lonely; only; on one's own (adjective)

specto spectare spectavi spectatus

look at; watch (verb 1)

spero sperare speravi speratus

hope; expect (verb 1)

spes spei f

hope (noun 5)

statim (indeclinable)

at once; immediately (adverb)

sto stare steti

stand (verb 1)

stultus stulta stultum

stupid; foolish (adjective)

sub + accusative/ablative

under; beneath (preposition)

subito (indeclinable)

suddenly (adverb)

sum esse fui

be (verb irregular)

summus summa summum

highest; greatest; top (of) (adjective)

supero superare superavi superatus

overcome; overpower (verb 1)

surgo surgere surrexi

get up; stand up; rise (verb 3)

suus sua suum

his; her; its; their (own) (pronoun)

taberna tabernae f

shop; inn (noun 1)

taceo tacere tacui tacitus

be silent; be quiet (verb 2)

talis tale

such (adjective)

tam (indeclinable)

so (adverb)

tamen (indeclinable)

however (adverb)

tandem (indeclinable)

at last; finally (adverb)

tantus tanta tantum

so great; such a great (adjective)

tempestas tempestatis f

storm (noun 3)

templum templi n

temple (noun 2)

tempus temporis n

time (noun 3)

teneo tenere tenui tentus

hold (verb 2)

terra terrae f

ground; land; country (noun 1)

terreo terrere terrui territus

frighten (verb 2)

timeo timere timui

fear; be afraid (verb 2)

tollo tollere sustuli sublatus

raise; lift up; hold up (verb 3)

tot (indeclinable)

so many (adjective)

totus tota totum

whole (adjective)

trado tradere tradidi traditus

hand over (verb 3)

traho trahere traxi tractus

drag (verb 3)

trans + accusative (also used as prefix with verbs)

across (preposition)

tristis triste

sad (adjective)

tu tui

you (singular) (pronoun)

tum (indeclinable)

then (adverb)

turba turbae f

crowd (noun 1)

tuus tua tuum

your (singular); yours (pronoun)

ubi (indeclinable)

where? where; when (adverb)

umquam (indeclinable)

ever (adverb)

unde (indeclinable)

from where (adverb)

urbs urbis f

city; town (noun 3)

ut (indeclinable) + subjunctive

that; so that; in order that (conjunction)

ut (indeclinable) + indicative

as; when (conjunction)

uxor uxoris f

wife (noun 3)

vale! valete! (plural)

goodbye; farewell! (verb imperative)

validus valida validum

strong (adjective)

vehementer (indeclinable)

violently; loudly (adverb)

vendo vendere vendidi venditus

sell (verb 3)

venio venire veni

come (verb 4)

verbum verbi n

word (noun 2)

verto vertere verti versus

turn (verb 3)

verus vera verum

true; real (adjective)

vester vestra vestrum

your (plural); yours (pronoun)

via viae f

street; road; way (noun 1)

victoria victoriae f

victory (noun 1)

video videre vidi visus

see (verb 2)

videor videri visus sum

seem; appear (verb 2 deponent)

villa villae f

house; country villa (noun 1)

vinco vincere vici victus

conquer; win; be victorious (verb 3)

vinum vini n

wine (noun 2)

vir viri m

man (noun 2)

virtus virtutis f

courage; virtue (noun 3)

vita vitae f

life (noun 1)

vivo vivere vixi

live; be alive (verb 3)

vivus viva vivum

alive; living (adjective)

voco vocare vocavi vocatus

call (verb 1)

volo velle volui

want (verb irregular)

vos vestrum

you (plural) (pronoun)

vox vocis f

voice; shout (noun 3)

vulnero vulnerare vulneravi vulneratus

wound; injure (verb 1)

vulnus vulneris n

wound (noun 3)

vultus vultus m

expression; face (noun 4)